When Fyodor Dostoevsky proclaims that he is a "realist in a higher sense," it is because the facts are irrelevant to his truth. And it is in this spirit that Apollonio approaches Dostoevsky’s work, reading through the facts--the text--of his canonical novels for the deeper truth that they distort, mask, and, ultimately, disclose. This sort of reading against the grain is, Apollonio suggests, precisely what these works, with their emphasis on the hidden and the private and their narrative reliance on secrecy and slander, demand.
In each work Apollonio focuses on one character or theme caught in the compromising, self-serving, or distorting narrative lens. Who, she asks, really exploits whom in <i>Poor Folk</i>? Does "White Nights" ever escape the dream state? What is actually lost--and what is won--in <i>The Gambler</i>? Is Svidrigailov, of such ill repute in <i>Crime and Punishment</i>, in fact an exemplar of generosity and truth? Who, in <i>Demons</i>, is truly demonic? Here we see how Dostoevsky has crafted his novels to help us see these distorting filters and develop the critical skills to resist their anaesthetic effect. Apollonio's readings show how Dostoevsky's paradoxes counter and usurp our comfortable assumptions about the way the world is and offer access to a deeper, immanent essence. His works gain power when we read beyond the primitive logic of external appearances and recognize the deeper life of the text.
Table of contents:
Chapter I Poor Folk: The Body and the Book
Chapter II The Spirit of St. Petersburg: White Nights
Chapter III Purging Bad Money: The Gambler
Chapter IV Crime and Punishment: Secrets, Sacraments, and Sex
Chapter V The Idiot’s “Vertical Temple”: The Holbein Christ and Ippolit’s Confession
Chapter VI The Demon of Doubt and the Revenge of the Neglected Son: Demons Chapter VII On Slander, Idolatry, and Imposters: Demons
Chapter VIII The Mothers Karamazov
Chapter IX Conclusion
Carol Apollonio is an associate professor of the practice of Slavic language and literature at Duke University. She lives in Durham, North Carolina.
“Many readers may be disturbed by the conclusions Apollonio reaches, but she is to be congratulated for taking such a bold, fresh approach, which will reinvigorate Dostoevskii studies for years to come.” —Slavonic and East European Review
"Carol Apollonio has written a profound book. A major contribution to Dostoevsky studies, <i>Dostoevsky's Secrets: Reading Against the Grain</i> is packed with new insights into Dostoevsky's narrative strategies, his metaphysical thematic, his characters' psychologies, and the sexual substrata of his plots." —Deborah Martinsen, Columbia University
"Marvelously provocative. Apollonio pursues to its gaping end the radical Gogolian thought that words must lie, and thus the entire surface of a Dostoevskian novel--not only individual personalities within--is designed to deceive, to be prodded open and cleansed in the interests of a greater, counter-intuitive truth." —Caryl Emerson, Princeton University
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